"All the Reblogs
Fit to Print"
The Tumblr Times
New York, Monday, February 2, 2017

Atena Farghadani is a 28-year-old Iranian artist. She was recently sentenced to 12 years and 9 months in prison for drawing a cartoon.

This cartoon, that she posted on her Facebook page last year, depicts members of the Iranian parliament as animals. It was drawn in protest of new legislature in Iran that will restrict access to contraception and criminalise voluntary sterilisation. Atena’s charges include ‘spreading propaganda against the system’ and ‘insulting members of parliament through paintings’.

Last August, 12 members of the elite Revolutionary Guard came to Atena’s house, blindfolded her and took her to the infamous Evin Prison in Tehran. According to Amnesty International:

“While in prison last year, Atena flattened paper cups to use them as a surface to paint on. When the prison guards realised what she had been doing, they confiscated her paintings and stopped giving her paper cups. When Atena found some cups in the bathroom, she smuggled them into her cell. Soon after, she was beaten by prison guards, when she refused to strip naked for a full body search. Atena says that they knew about her taking the cups because they had installed cameras in the toilet and bathroom facilities – cameras detainees had been told were not operating.”

She was released in November and gave media interviews and posted a video on YouTube detailing her beatings, constant interrogations and humiliating body searches. She was then rearrested possibly in retaliation for speaking out and has been imprisoned ever since. In January, Atena went on a hunger strike to protest the horrible prison conditions. Her health suffered dramatically, and after losing consciousness and suffering a heart attack in February, she was forced to eat again.

The quote used in the comic is taken from the speech Atena gave at her trial. It has been translated into English by the Free Atena Facebook page. You can read the whole thing here.

Time is now against her, she has just two weeks to lodge an appeal. Michael Cavna, comic journalist for The Washington Post, has launched a campaign appealing to artists to help bring awareness to Atena’s case by creating their own artwork in support of Atena and using the hashtag#Draw4Atena. Can a bunch of artists and a hashtag really make a difference and put pressure on the Iranian Government to release Atena? Probably not. But just remember that Atena is currently in prison enduring horrible conditions, and if her appeal isn’t successful, she will be there for another twelve years. FOR DRAWING A CARTOON AND POSTING IT ON FACEBOOK. Don’t we owe it to her to at least try?

Alot worse actually happens out there.. once Being a soldier (which turned me into an activist) showed me..

Signal boost.


Microbiome Monday: Microbes and Metabolism

It’s Microbiome Monday again! Before the Museum’s upcoming exhibition The Secret World Inside You opens November 7, we’re offering weekly primers on the microbiome and the research surrounding it from Curators Rob DeSalle and Susan Perkins, as well as from other scientists who are working in this exciting field.

Today’s post from Dr. Perkins explores how microbes help animals of all kinds—from wood-eating termites to human gourmands—digest food and get the most nutrition out of our meals.

A Microbial Feast

In New York, an order of chow mein may always be just a phone call away, but for most animals, getting a meal is harder work. To find food more easily, some forms of life exploit food sources that are otherwise unavailable to most other organisms, like wood, plant sap, and blood. While man may not be able to live by bread alone, a leech can get by on nothing but blood for its whole life. Making these limited diets work is a team effort, though, in which microbial partners provide missing nutrients.

Wood-eating insects like termites and woodroaches host bacteria, archaea, and protists in their guts that help to convert the tough cellulose fibers of food back into simple sugars. Aphids suck up sugar-rich plant sap, but rely on symbiontic bacteria called Buchnera to provide them with protein. And blood is easy to digest and full of both sugars and protein, but notoriously lacking in B vitamins, so animals like tsetse flies and leeches thus have their own symbiotic bacteria to round out their nutritional needs. In most cases, these partnerships are so important that the microbes are inherited vertically—just like the DNA passing from parent to offspring—to ensure that the new generation has the symbionts it needs to eat well in place.

Unlike these specialized species, humans are notorious omnivores, much like our cousins, chimpanzees and bonobos. That’s why primate microbiomes may seem more flexible and fungible. A recent study compared the gut microbiomes of humans from various parts of the world to those in chimps, bonobos, and gorillas.

Overall, the human gut microbiomes showed significantly less diversity than those of wild primates, and underscored some differences in our diets. For instance, the genus Fibrobacter, active in fermenting plant material, is all but gone in people, whereas Bacteroides, which is associated with diets rich in animal fats and proteins, is much more abundant—by a factor of five—in humans than apes.

Within humans, though, we still are varied eaters. Vegan, gluten-free, pescatarian, Paleo—these are just a few of the dietary restrictions people commonly adhere to. Scientists are now looking at the relationship between these diets and our gut microbiomes, because the bacteria play such fundamental roles in our digestion as well as contributing to our immunity, weight, and propensity to chronic diseases.

For meat-lovers, an important set of studies recently brought a dose of bad news. Researchers at the Cleveland Clinic have demonstrated that our gut bacteria convert carnitine, a compound found in high proportions in foods like red meat, and choline, which is abundant in eggs, to the by-product trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), which can be an indicator of heart disease risk.

Interestingly, vegetarians who were given a steak or other red meat did not show subsequent high levels of TMAO, suggesting that their microbiota contain fewer of the microbes that make TMAO. While diet is just one factor that contributes to heart disease or other ailments, this study suggests that a “flexitarian” diet—mostly  vegetarian with occasional meat— might be the healthiest of all.

This post was originally published on the Museum blog. 


This is the best explanation of gerrymandering you will ever see.


Our favorite GIFs from the pennant clinching celebration.


Proof That The Benghazi Investigation Is Totally Unlike Any Other, In Two Charts

On Thursday, Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton will testify in front of the House Select Committee on Benghazi, where Republicans will try to prove that the former secretary of state mishandled the events leading up to and following the 2012 terror attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya.


Proportion of US adults backing pot legalization hits high, says study


“While I will not be a candidate, I will not be silent.”

–Joe Biden


Georgia County Admits It Disenfranchised Voters In African American-Dominated Neighborhoods

Fulton County, Georgia admitted to illegally disenfranchising and misleading voters in the 2008 and 2012 elections in a settlement this month. For more than two dozen violations of state law — including improperly rejecting eligible ballots and sending voters to the wrong precincts — the county will pay a fine of $180,000. To make sure the problems do not continue in the future, the county has promised to spend an additional $200,000 on new training software for their poll workers.



Activists Hanging From A Bridge Force Arctic Drilling Ship To Turn Around

“Not today, Shell!” an anchor support yelled from a Portland bridge as 13 climbers hung below for the 29th consecutive hour.

Cheers and chants were heard from land and water around 7:30 a.m. Pacific Time Thursday, as a Royal Dutch Shell ship slowly turned around in the water and retreated from the bridge. The Arctic-bound ship stopped in its tracks Thursday during its second attempt to reach a Shell drilling site. The oil company aborted its first attempt early Wednesday morning, when Greenpeace activists rappelled off of St. John’s Bridge in Portland, Oregon with the support of assistants and “kayaktivists” on the water, two hours before the icebreaking vessel was scheduled to leave. The ship’s second attempt also failed.


Watch: Dashcam footage of Sandra Bland’s arrest appears to have been doctored 

The Texas Department of Public Safety released police dashcam footage Tuesday showing the moment of Sandra Bland’s arrest. The film immediately came under fire for alleged editing that seems to occur at various points in the footage. The nine cuts raise even more questions in Bland’s case.


Sandra Bland And The Invisible Plight Of Black Women In The Justice System

In McKinney, Texas, 15-year-old Dajerria Becton was tackled to the ground, kneed in the neck, and handcuffed by a  police officer while she was wearing a bikini. In Cleveland, Tanisha Anderson, a schizophrenic and bipolar woman, was allegedly slammed to the ground in front of her family, before dying in police custody. In Chicago, 22-year-old Rekia Boyd was accidentally shot in the head by an officer who opened fire on a group gathered in an alley.



New York City settles Eric Garner case for $5.9 million

The New York Times: New York City has settled with the family of Eric Garner, agreeing to pay $5.9 million in the case over his killing by police last July, a lawyer representing the family said Monday.

Follow updates on BreakingNews.com.

Photo: Gwen Carr, Eric Garner’s mother, teared up during an interview in June. (Mark Kauzlarich/The New York Times)


"We made a terrible mistake 30 years ago when we created the laws that sent these men and women away for so long." - President Obama, granting clemency to 46 non-violent drug offenders

Serving in secret: Being transgender in the US military

While gay and lesbian members of armed forces may now serve openly, transgender soldiers remain in shadows.


The Tumblr Times Cats Monday, February 2, 2017

Dehydration can be Deadly for Cats


How Much Water Does A Cat Need to Drink?

There is no set answer to this question. Like all living creatures water is essential to maintain vital bodily functions in cats. Cats can suffer from dehydration resulting in kidney problems if they do not drink enough water. An adequate intake of water is necessary to flush out toxins from the kidneys. Cats can also suffer from health problems if they drink too much water, and may develop a condition called polydipsia. In general cats usually consume about a cup of water a day. This will increase if they live on a diet of dried food. If your cat significantly increases the amount of water it drinks you should consult a vet for further investigations especially if the cat has also lost weight recently.

Cats originated as desert animals obtaining most of their water supply from their prey – small rodents and the like. While modern versions of cat food do offer some degree of hydration, the comparison is far from fair.

Since cats received so much water from their prey in the past, they never took to drinking enough water by itself. This leaves the modern house cat open to a serious risk of dehydration and other health issues, caused by the lack of water necessary for their systems to function as they should.

The Importance of Hydration

Feline dehydration can be caused by many different factors from lack of available drinking water to illness. It’s extremely important to ensure a cat doesn’t become dehydrated, especially for those felines afflicted by diabetes or renal failure, as those two illnesses in particular cause increased urination which in turn causes increased risk for dehydration. The symptoms of dehydration are constipation, lethargy, dry mouth, sunken eyes, increased heart rate, poor skin elasticity, and poor capillary refill time. There are two tests an owner can perform to check for skin elasticity and capillary refill.

To check skin elasticity, grasp some skin at the base of the neck and then release. If the skin does not spring back immediately, the feline is in a state of dehydration.

To check capillary refill time, press a finger against the cats gum. Once the finger is removed, a white spot will be present. Time how long it takes for the white spot to turn pink again. It should only take one to two seconds. If it takes longer than that, the cat is dehydrated.

Enough cannot be said about ensuring a feline remains hydrated. A cat stuck inside a home or apartment 24/7 without water to drink that they enjoy, can easily lead to a state of dehydration.

It’s extremely important to monitor a cat’s rate of water consumption and, if low, take measures to improve that rate. Dehydration can greatly shorten a feline’s life, but it’s normally a very preventable problem that only takes a little observation and trial and error to correct.

Water consumption is linked to diet. In the wild the cat would eat prey containing 70% water content. Dried cat food contains only 10% water whilst tinned or pouched food contains around 80% water. It is therefore obvious that a cat fed on a diet of dried food will need to consume more water than one fed on tinned food. To check the levels of hydration pinch a small amount of skin on the back of your cat’s neck. If it springs back easily your cat is adequately hydrated. This is similar to testing your own hydration level by squeezing the skin on the back of your hand.

It is commonly thought that cats hate water but this is not true. They do not like to be immersed in water but most are fascinated by running water and they would prefer to drink running water rather than drink from a bowl. Many cats like to play with water, splashing it with their paws. It is thought they prefer running water as this most closely simulates how they would drink in the wild from running streams, which they would perceive as being safer than stagnant water.

Cats have very sensitive paw pads which they use to test the temperature of running water. Provide your cat with fresh water several times a day if you can. Also try to locate the water away from the food source as research shows that cats prefer to drink water away from their food source.

Are you worried that your cat may not be drinking enough?  To entice a cat to drink more water takes a little trial and error, but once the magical combination is found, a cat owner should have no problem with their cat remaining hydrated.

7 tips to encourage your furry friend to drink up!

1. Water Type
Many people think water is water, but this is not entirely true. There are various types of water from tap water to distilled to mineral. Each cat will have their own preference. Try putting out several bowls of different types of water and see which one they prefer, but make sure all the bowls are identical, as this can be a factor as well in whether or not a cat will drink. Frequently changing their water is crucial to keeping your cat hydrated, since they prefer newer, fresh water over stagnant old water.

2. Bowls
The type of bowl makes a huge difference. Stainless steel or ceramic will have the highest rate of success. Plastic is a porous material and tends to soak up odor. While a human may not be able to smell it, a cat will and may not want to drink it thinking the water is tainted. One must remember that cats are generally very picky about cleanliness.

Tip: A bowl for each. Like people, cats don’t all enjoy drinking out of the same cup. Always provide a separate water bowl for every pet in your household. If you have a home with two or more levels, consider putting a bowl on each so your cats remember to drink more often.

The drinking bowl or container should be wide enough to fit their whole face (including whiskers) to accommodate for their interesting need to see their surroundings while drinking.

3. Cleanliness
Water bowls should be cleaned with hot soapy water on a daily basis. Nobody likes to drink out of a dirty glass. It’s logical to believe a cat does not enjoy it either.

4. Placement
Cats also have a preference of where they want their water placed. Try placing several bowls throughout the house and see which ones show signs of having been used.

5. Multiple Cats
Having multiple cats in the home means having multiple food bowls, but it also means having multiple water bowls as well. Smelling another cat around their water bowl can deter the desire to drink water. Nobody likes drinking after another human being and cats do not like drinking after another cat either.

6. Food Additive
Until a cat owner is able to find the best way to encourage their cat to drink water, it may be necessary to use it as a food additive to ensure the cat stays hydrated. Water can be added to either dry or wet food. A bowl of water may also be “flavored” by adding chicken broth or some tuna juice. Normally a cat that will not drink water will go after a bowl of watered down broth.

7. Drinking Fountain – Running Water

The benefits of a cat drinking fountain are numerous. Not only do they store a massive amount of water, but this water is continually circulated through a filter and purifier and aerated to keep its fresh, bubbly texture and sound.

Like most pet items, cat water fountains come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from single cat use to having multiple cats drink in tandem from the fountain. The water always taste’s fresh, since the filter system removes any impurities and the stagnant taste via a charcoal filter.

Some models rotate the water in a circular fashion like a river, while others provide free-falling waterfall effects to amuse and enrich. Some models go so far as to provide areas for food or plant growth. Most every cat water fountain is extremely faint to the ear, so noise shouldn’t ever be an issue. Pet fountains are available in a variety of sizes and can hold up to 5 litres of constantly running water which is typically kept clean and fresh by a charcoal filter.

As noted above, cats hate to share a water bowl with another animal but any number of cats are happy to share one drinking fountain. 

Dehydration can be Deadly for Cats. Make sure they get enough water. Here’s how…Click To Tweet

* Product Pick

We recently had the opportunity to try out 2 different drinking fountains from Thirsty Cat Fountains.  We were so impressed that we included them as one of our top picks in last month’s post on best Valentine’s Day gifts for cat lovers.

We found them to be of exceptionally high quality and unlike many commercial brands, these fountains are stylish and unique art pieces that match the decor of your home. Our cats love them and they are easy to clean and perform flawlessly.

The Thirsty Cat Fountains team are based out of Cambridge, NY and they carefully make each fountain by hand from start to finish, one at a time, one of a kind. They ensure the highest standards of quality and it shows – evident in the careful packaging when our units arrived.

If you’re thinking about getting a cat water fountain (we recommend this option as the best quality water source for cats) – please check out Thirsty Cat Fountains. Their selection is impressive.

Summary

The infographic below (from PetCo) has some additional and very interesting Cat Hydration Facts.

Have you ever had an issue with dehydration in your cat(s)? Please drop us a comment in the “Leave a Reply” box below.

The post Dehydration can be Deadly for Cats appeared first on The Purrington Post.



Source link

 
Source: Cats n Things

The post Dehydration can be Deadly for Cats appeared first on Cats n Things.



from Cats n Things http://catsnthings.com/dehydration-can-be-deadly-for-cats

puss in boots

by BTRXXXI

#cat #neko #ねこ #猫 #ネコ #cats #スコティッシュフォールド #scottishfold #茶トラ #ロロ #lolo #コケティッシュフォールド #コケティッシュホールド #ピオ #piopio #pio 一昨日の茶トラ〜ズでおはようございます…まだまだ続くよ😚😽💕



Monday evening chill 😻 http://ift.tt/2m4ksTw



Adan’s life #cats #catlife #catlover


Elisabeth Delcenserie




Save me! My cats are at war with my feet!


Old-ish drawing, i did this like 2 months ago but i need to post more art so here i GOOo



this just in: emyline louise (a.k.a. emylou) and grand duchess ekaterina (a.k.a. katie) were both caught in the act of looking super cute


cats have it all admiration an endless sleep,and company only when they want it. via http://ift.tt/2jPxlPi


Elisabeth Delcenserie


Acres and acres of noms! http://ift.tt/2m4l6jZ


Adopted a pound ridden kitten 1 year ago and she repays me in cuteness almost daily

Source: http://bit.ly/2mnu8cs


On #ManicMonday, join this bright Bengal boy as he helps plan a surprise party in BIRTHDAY BATTLE, a cute & cuddly episode of CAT CLIPS.

Watch the video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-8itW8-CUYA